N-terminal pro B-Type natriuretic peptide is inversely correlated with low density lipoprotein cholesterol in the very elderly

F. Spannella, F. Giulietti, G. Cocci, L. Landi, E. Borioni, F. E. Lombardi, G. Rosettani, B. Bernardi, V. Bordoni, P. Giordano, M. Bordicchia, R. Sarzani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and aims: Laboratory studies on human adipose tissue and differentiated adipocytes indicate that natriuretic peptides (NPs) affect lipid metabolism and plasma cholesterol. Few previous clinical studies in non-elderly populations found associations between NPs in the physiological range and cholesterol. Aim: evaluate the association between NT-proBNP and lipid profile in very elderly hospitalized patients characterized by a wide range of NT-proBNP levels. Methods and results: Cross-sectional study on 288 very elderly patients hospitalized for medical conditions, in which increased NT-proBNP levels are very common. NT-proBNP, total cholesterol (TC), HDL cholesterol (HDLc) and triglycerides were collected just few days before discharge. Patients taking lipid-lowering drugs and patients with an admission diagnosis of acute heart failure were excluded. Calculated LDL-cholesterol (LDLc) was used for the analyses. Mean age: 87.7 ± 6.2 years; female prevalence (57.3%). Median NT-proBNP: 2949 (1005–7335) pg/ml; mean TC: 145.1 ± 40.3 mg/dl; mean HDLc: 38.4 ± 18.6 mg/dl; median triglycerides: 100 (75–129) mg/dl; mean LDLc: 84.0 ± 29.5 mg/dl. We found negative correlations between NT-proBNP and both TC and LDLc (Rho = −0.157; p = 0.008 and Rho = −0.166; p = 0.005, respectively), while no correlations emerged between NT-proBNP and HDLc (Rho = −0.065; p = 0.275) or triglycerides (Rho = −0.009; p = 0.874). These associations were confirmed considering NT-proBNP tertiles. The inverse association between NT-proBNP and LDLc was maintained even after adjusting for confounding factors. Conclusion: Our real-life clinical study supports the hypothesis that NPs play a role on cholesterol metabolism, given the association found between LDLc and NT-proBNP even in very elderly patients where NT-proBNP values are often in the pathological range.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)629-635
Number of pages7
JournalNutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases
Volume28
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2018

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • LDL-cholesterol
  • Lipid metabolism
  • Natriuretic peptides
  • Very elderly

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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