A novel transduction pathway for the powerful angiogenic factor VEGF has been recently shown in endothelial cells to operate through NAADP-controlled intracellular release of Ca2+. In the present report the possible involvement of NAADP-controlled Ca2+ signaling in tumor vascularization, growth and metastatic dissemination was investigated in a murine model of VEGF-secreting melanoma. Mice implanted with B16 melanoma cells were treated with NAADP inhibitor Ned-19 every second day for 4 weeks and tumor growth, vascularization and metastatization were evaluated. Control specimens developed well vascularized tumors and lung metastases, whereas in Ned-19-treated mice tumor growth and vascularization as well as lung metastases were strongly inhibited. In vitro experiments showed that Ned-19 treatment controls the growth of B16 cells in vitro, their migratory ability, adhesive properties and VEGFR2 expression, indicating NAADP involvement in intercellular autocrine signaling. To this regard, Ca2+ imaging experiments showed that the response of B16 cells to VEGF stimulation is NAADP-dependent. The whole of these observations indicate that NAADP-controlled Ca2+ signaling can be relevant not only for neoangiogenesis but also for direct control of tumor cells.
ASJC Scopus subject areas