In B chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) cells, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and phorbol esters fail to activate the plasma membrane-associated Na+/H+ antiporter and, subsequently, to elicit a rise in cytosolic pH. Since these events are thought to be a prerequisite for LPS-induced proliferation of B normal lymphocytes, we analyzed the kinetic properties of Na+/H+ antiporter in B-CLL cells as compared to both CD5- and CD5+ normal B lymphocytes. In the present work we report that Na+/H+ exchange rate after acid loading is drastically decreased in B-CLL cells, as compared to normal CD5- B lymphocytes, although the antiporter affinity for external Na+ and internal H+ is not significantly different in both cell populations. Kinetic data account for a reduction in the number of operating antiport units in B-CLL. The Na+/H+ antiporter of CD5+ normal B lymphocytes exhibits both an exchange rate and an ion affinity significantly higher than that observed in both CD5+ B-CLL cells and CD5- B normal lymphocytes, thus suggesting a possible explanation for their activated phenotype.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||European Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 1991|
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