Objective: To report clinical features, response to treatment, and long-term follow-up of nail lichen planus in children. Design: Retrospective study involving 15 children with nail lichen planus. Setting: Outpatient consultation for nail disorders at the Department of Dermatology of the University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy. Patients or Other Participants: We diagnosed nail lichen planus in 15 children younger than 12 years, including 10 children with typical nail matrix lesions, 2 children with 20-nail dystrophy (trachyonychia), and 3 children with idiopathic atrophy of the nails. Only 2 of the 15 children had oral lichen planus; none had cutaneous lesions. A nail biopsy confirmed the diagnosis in all cases. Intervention: Intramuscular triamcinolone acetonide, 0.5 to 1 mg/kg per month, was prescribed to children with typical nail lichen planus and prolonged from 3 to 6 months until the proximal half of the nail was normal. No treatment was prescribed to patients with 20-nail dystrophy or idiopathic atrophy of the nails. Results: Treatment with systemic corticosteroids was effective in curing typical nail lichen planus. Two children experienced a recurrence of the disease during the follow-up. Recurrences were always responsive to therapy. The 2 children with 20-nail dystrophy improved without any therapy. Nail lesions caused by idiopathic atrophy of the naris remained unchanged during the follow-up period. Conclusions: Nail lichen planus in children is not rare but probably underestimated. It often presents with atypical clinical features such as 20-nail dystrophy or idiopathic atrophy of the nails.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Archives of Dermatology|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|
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