Nanoparticle-based strategies for cancer immunotherapy and immunodiagnostics

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Although recent successes in clinical trials are strengthening research focused on cancer immunology, the poor immunogenicity and off-target side effects of immunotherapeutics remain major challenges in translating these promising approaches to clinically feasible therapies in the treatment of a large range of tumors. Nanotechnology offers target-based approaches, which have shown significant improvements in the rapidly advancing field of cancer immunotherapy. Here, we first discuss the chemical and physical features of nanoparticulate systems that can be tuned to address the anticancer immune response, and then review recent, key examples of the exploited strategies, ranging from nanovaccines to NPs revising the tumor immunosuppressive microenvironment, up to immunotherapeutic multimodal NPs. Finally, the paper concludes by identifying the promising and outstanding challenges the field of emerging nanotechnologies is facing for cancer immunotherapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2349-2365
Number of pages17
JournalNanomedicine
Volume12
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2017

Keywords

  • adjuvant
  • antigen delivery
  • cancer
  • immune response
  • immune targeting
  • immunotherapy
  • NPs
  • tumor microenvironment
  • vaccines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)

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