Narcissistic traits as predictors of emotional problems in children with oppositional defiant disorder: A longitudinal study: Journal of Affective Disorders

P. Muratori, A. Milone, V. Levantini, S. Pisano, V. Spensieri, E. Valente, S. Thomaes, G. Masi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Children's self-views encompass two independent dimensions: self-esteem and narcissism, which recently have received growing attention from researchers and clinicians. The current study sought to test whether these dimensions might predict the developmental course of children with Oppositional Defiant Disorder diagnosis. Method: The sample (N = 64, M age = 10.1 years, 57 boys) included children with Oppositional Defiant Disorder diagnosis. We examined longitudinal relationships between self-views (both self-esteem and narcissism) and parent-reported internalizing and externalizing behavioral problems. Results: The study spanned two time-points, spaced 12 months apart. None of the predictors were longitudinally associated with the levels of externalizing behavioral problems in children. However, narcissism predicted the levels of children's internalizing problems at the follow-up, whereas self-esteem did not. Limitations: The relatively small sample and the lack of assessing causality limit the generalizability of the findings. Results need to be replicated in larger samples. Conclusions: These findings illustrate the value of taking into account children's narcissistic traits in clinical assessment. By broadening knowledge of narcissistic traits in clinical samples of children, we hope to inform assessment procedures in standard clinical practice, as well as the development of tailored interventions to curb the emergence of later negative outcomes related to childhood narcissism, such as internalizing problems. © 2020 Elsevier B.V.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)494-499
Number of pages6
JournalJ. Affective Disord.
Volume274
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • ADHD
  • CBCL
  • Disruptive behavior
  • Self-esteem
  • Self-view
  • attention deficit disorder
  • child
  • human
  • longitudinal study
  • male
  • narcissism
  • problem behavior
  • self concept
  • Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
  • Child
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Narcissism
  • Problem Behavior
  • Self Concept

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