National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale in patients with primary intracerebral hemorrhage

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Background: The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) is able to predict mortality and functional outcome in patients with ischemic stroke. Its role in primary intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is not clear. The objective of our study was to investigate whether NIHSS is a reliable instrument of clinical monitoring and correlates with mortality and functional outcome in ICH. Methods: One hundred fifty-six consecutive subjects with primary ICH were included. We evaluated NIHSS at admission. The functional state after a 30-day and a 3-month-long follow-up was assessed by the modified Rankin Scale (mRS). Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient analysis was used for statistics. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, global accuracy, and ROC curve were computed using the median score 7 as NIHSS cutoff and the score 4 as mRS cutoff. Results: Median NIHSS score at admission was 7 (16–4); the mean (± SD) was 10.82 (± 8.27). Thirty-two patients (20.5%) died within 30 days and other 22 (14.1%) within 3 months. The median mRS score at 3 months was 4 (6–1); the mean (± SD) was 3.38 (± 2.42). We found a statistically significant correlation between initial NIHSS score and mRS score after 30 days (0.74) and 3 months (0.66, p < 0.01). Sensitivity was 93.5 and 92.2%, specificity 82.3 and 69.6%, and GA 87.8 and 80.8%, respectively, at 1 and 3 months. The 1- and 3-month ROC curves comparing initial NIHSS and mRS showed a fitted area as 0.914 and 0.833, respectively. Conclusions: NIHSS is a reliable tool of clinical monitoring and correlates with 30-day and 3-month mortality and functional outcome in subjects with ICH.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1751-1755
Number of pages5
JournalNeurological Sciences
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2018



  • Intracerebral hemorrhage
  • Prognosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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