Despite their vasodilating action, calcium antagonists increase renal sodium excretion. To ascertain whether renal kallikrein plays a role in the renal effects of calcium antagonists, nifedipine (N) (10 mg orally) or placebo (P) was given to 17 male patients with mild to moderate essential hypertension during a 6-h infusion of either saline (S) or aprotinin (A) (2 x 106 KIU in 200 ml of saline). Blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) were measured every 10 min, and blood samples were taken at - 10, 0, 30, 60, 120, 240, 360 min for plasma renin activity (PRA), creatinine, and osmolarity determinations. Urinary kallikrein, aldosterone, creatinine, and electrolytes were measured in 6-h urine collections. The acute administration of N induced a significant systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) fall and a transient PRA increase that peaked at 30 min and were not modified by A infusion. Urinary volume (+47%), Na+ (+54%) and C1- (+58%) excretion were significantly enhanced by N. There were less pronounced and statistically not significant increases in urinary excretion of Ca2+ (+38%) and K+ (+29%). Infusion of A did not interfere with the natriuretic effect of N. Our data do not support the hypothesis that the kallikrein-kinin system plays an important role in mediating the renal effects of nifedipine in humans.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - 1987|
- Calcium antagonist
- kinin system
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine