Natural history and life-threatening complications in Myhre syndrome and review of the literature

Livia Garavelli, Ilenia Maini, Federica Baccilieri, Ivan Ivanovski, Marzia Pollazzon, Simonetta Rosato, Lorenzo Iughetti, Sheila Unger, Andrea Superti-Furga, Marco Tartaglia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Myhre syndrome (OMIM 139210) is a rare developmental disorder inherited as an autosomal dominant trait and caused by a narrow spectrum of missense mutations in the SMAD4 gene. The condition features characteristic face, short stature, skeletal anomalies, muscle pseudohypertrophy, restricted joint mobility, stiff and thick skin, and variable intellectual disability. While most of the clinical features manifest during childhood, the diagnosis may be challenging during the first years of life. We report on the evolution of the clinical features of Myhre syndrome during childhood in a subject with molecularly confirmed diagnosis. The clinical records of 48 affected patients were retrospectively analysed to identify any early clinical signs characterizing this disorder and to better delineate its natural history. We also note that pericarditis and laryngotracheal involvement represent important life-threatening complications of Myhre syndrome that justify the recommendation for cardiological and ENT follow-up for these patients. Conclusion: Short length/stature, short palpebral fissures, and brachydactyly with hyperconvex nails represent signs/features that might lead to the correct diagnosis in the first years of life and direct to the proper molecular analysis. We underline the clinical relevance of pericarditis and laryngotracheal stenosis as life-threatening complications of this disorder and the need for careful monitoring, in relation to their severity.(Table presented.)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Pediatrics
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Aug 25 2016


  • Cardiac tamponade
  • Laryngotracheal stenosis
  • Myhre syndrome
  • Pericarditis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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