Using the natural killer (NK) sensitive K562 cell line, enhanced NK cell cytotoxicity was demonstrable early in the course of acute hepatitis B while normal values were obtained in patients studied during convalescence. No evidence of enhanced NK activity was instead obtained in the course of acute non-A, non-B hepatitis. Serum levels of α-interferon, as determined by radioimmunoassay (RIA), were significantly increased in patients with acute hepatitis B showing enhanced NK cell activity but not in those with acute non-A, non-B hepatitis and normal NK cell activity. These results suggest that natural cytotoxicity may play a role early in the course of acute hepatitis type B, before antigen-specific T lymphocytes become fully operative.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Clinical and Experimental Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 1986|
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