In the present study, we assessed the susceptibility of freshly isolated neuroblastoma cells to killing mediated by normal human natural killer (NK) cells and analyzed the receptor-ligand interactions that regulate this event. We show that killing of freshly isolated neuroblasts, similar to neuroblastoma cell lines, involves NKp46 and NKp30 (natural cytotoxicity receptors). However, freshly isolated neuroblasts were generally more resistant to NK-mediated lysis than conventional neuroblastoma cell lines. Moreover, a significant heterogeneity in susceptibility to lysis existed among neuroblastomas derived from different patients. Remarkably, susceptibility to lysis directly correlated with the surface expression, on neuroblasts, of poliovirus receptor [PVR (CD155)], a ligand for the DNAX accessory molecule-1 [DNAM-1 (CD226)] triggering receptor expressed by NK cells. Indeed, PVR-expressing neuroblastomas were efficiently killed by NK cells. Moreover, monoclonal antibody-mediated masking of either DNAM-1 (on NK cells) or PVR (on neuroblasts) resulted in strong inhibition of tumor cell lysis. Thus, assessment of the PVR surface levels may represent a novel useful criterion to predict the susceptibility/resistance of neuroblastomas to NK-mediated killing.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research