Natural killer cell-mediated killing of freshly isolated neuroblastoma cells

Critical role of DNAX accessory molecule-1-poliovirus receptor interaction

Roberta Castriconi, Alessandra Dondero, Maria Valeria Corrias, Edoardo Lanino, Daniela Pende, Lorenzo Moretta, Cristina Bottino, Alessandro Moretta

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Abstract

In the present study, we assessed the susceptibility of freshly isolated neuroblastoma cells to killing mediated by normal human natural killer (NK) cells and analyzed the receptor-ligand interactions that regulate this event. We show that killing of freshly isolated neuroblasts, similar to neuroblastoma cell lines, involves NKp46 and NKp30 (natural cytotoxicity receptors). However, freshly isolated neuroblasts were generally more resistant to NK-mediated lysis than conventional neuroblastoma cell lines. Moreover, a significant heterogeneity in susceptibility to lysis existed among neuroblastomas derived from different patients. Remarkably, susceptibility to lysis directly correlated with the surface expression, on neuroblasts, of poliovirus receptor [PVR (CD155)], a ligand for the DNAX accessory molecule-1 [DNAM-1 (CD226)] triggering receptor expressed by NK cells. Indeed, PVR-expressing neuroblastomas were efficiently killed by NK cells. Moreover, monoclonal antibody-mediated masking of either DNAM-1 (on NK cells) or PVR (on neuroblasts) resulted in strong inhibition of tumor cell lysis. Thus, assessment of the PVR surface levels may represent a novel useful criterion to predict the susceptibility/resistance of neuroblastomas to NK-mediated killing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9180-9184
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Research
Volume64
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 15 2004

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Neuroblastoma
Natural Killer Cells
Natural Killer Cell Receptors
Ligands
Cell Line
poliovirus receptor
CD226 antigen
Monoclonal Antibodies
Neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

Cite this

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title = "Natural killer cell-mediated killing of freshly isolated neuroblastoma cells: Critical role of DNAX accessory molecule-1-poliovirus receptor interaction",
abstract = "In the present study, we assessed the susceptibility of freshly isolated neuroblastoma cells to killing mediated by normal human natural killer (NK) cells and analyzed the receptor-ligand interactions that regulate this event. We show that killing of freshly isolated neuroblasts, similar to neuroblastoma cell lines, involves NKp46 and NKp30 (natural cytotoxicity receptors). However, freshly isolated neuroblasts were generally more resistant to NK-mediated lysis than conventional neuroblastoma cell lines. Moreover, a significant heterogeneity in susceptibility to lysis existed among neuroblastomas derived from different patients. Remarkably, susceptibility to lysis directly correlated with the surface expression, on neuroblasts, of poliovirus receptor [PVR (CD155)], a ligand for the DNAX accessory molecule-1 [DNAM-1 (CD226)] triggering receptor expressed by NK cells. Indeed, PVR-expressing neuroblastomas were efficiently killed by NK cells. Moreover, monoclonal antibody-mediated masking of either DNAM-1 (on NK cells) or PVR (on neuroblasts) resulted in strong inhibition of tumor cell lysis. Thus, assessment of the PVR surface levels may represent a novel useful criterion to predict the susceptibility/resistance of neuroblastomas to NK-mediated killing.",
author = "Roberta Castriconi and Alessandra Dondero and Corrias, {Maria Valeria} and Edoardo Lanino and Daniela Pende and Lorenzo Moretta and Cristina Bottino and Alessandro Moretta",
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AU - Castriconi, Roberta

AU - Dondero, Alessandra

AU - Corrias, Maria Valeria

AU - Lanino, Edoardo

AU - Pende, Daniela

AU - Moretta, Lorenzo

AU - Bottino, Cristina

AU - Moretta, Alessandro

PY - 2004/12/15

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N2 - In the present study, we assessed the susceptibility of freshly isolated neuroblastoma cells to killing mediated by normal human natural killer (NK) cells and analyzed the receptor-ligand interactions that regulate this event. We show that killing of freshly isolated neuroblasts, similar to neuroblastoma cell lines, involves NKp46 and NKp30 (natural cytotoxicity receptors). However, freshly isolated neuroblasts were generally more resistant to NK-mediated lysis than conventional neuroblastoma cell lines. Moreover, a significant heterogeneity in susceptibility to lysis existed among neuroblastomas derived from different patients. Remarkably, susceptibility to lysis directly correlated with the surface expression, on neuroblasts, of poliovirus receptor [PVR (CD155)], a ligand for the DNAX accessory molecule-1 [DNAM-1 (CD226)] triggering receptor expressed by NK cells. Indeed, PVR-expressing neuroblastomas were efficiently killed by NK cells. Moreover, monoclonal antibody-mediated masking of either DNAM-1 (on NK cells) or PVR (on neuroblasts) resulted in strong inhibition of tumor cell lysis. Thus, assessment of the PVR surface levels may represent a novel useful criterion to predict the susceptibility/resistance of neuroblastomas to NK-mediated killing.

AB - In the present study, we assessed the susceptibility of freshly isolated neuroblastoma cells to killing mediated by normal human natural killer (NK) cells and analyzed the receptor-ligand interactions that regulate this event. We show that killing of freshly isolated neuroblasts, similar to neuroblastoma cell lines, involves NKp46 and NKp30 (natural cytotoxicity receptors). However, freshly isolated neuroblasts were generally more resistant to NK-mediated lysis than conventional neuroblastoma cell lines. Moreover, a significant heterogeneity in susceptibility to lysis existed among neuroblastomas derived from different patients. Remarkably, susceptibility to lysis directly correlated with the surface expression, on neuroblasts, of poliovirus receptor [PVR (CD155)], a ligand for the DNAX accessory molecule-1 [DNAM-1 (CD226)] triggering receptor expressed by NK cells. Indeed, PVR-expressing neuroblastomas were efficiently killed by NK cells. Moreover, monoclonal antibody-mediated masking of either DNAM-1 (on NK cells) or PVR (on neuroblasts) resulted in strong inhibition of tumor cell lysis. Thus, assessment of the PVR surface levels may represent a novel useful criterion to predict the susceptibility/resistance of neuroblastomas to NK-mediated killing.

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