Nature and mediators of parietal epithelial cell activation in glomerulonephritides of human and rat

Paola Rizzo, Norberto Perico, Elena Gagliardini, Rubina Novelli, Malcolm R. Alison, Giuseppe Remuzzi, Ariela Benigni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Bowman's capsule parietal epithelial cell activation occurs in several human proliferative glomerulonephritides. The cellular composition of the resulting hyperplastic lesions is controversial, although a population of CD133+CD24+ progenitor cells has been proposed to be a major constituent. Mediator(s) involved in proliferation and migration of progenitor cells into the Bowman's space have been poorly explored. In a series of 36 renal biopsies of patients with proliferative and nonproliferative glomerulopathies, dysregulated CD133+CD24+ progenitor cells of the Bowman's capsule invade the glomerular tuft exclusively in proliferative disorders. Up-regulation of the CXCR4 chemokine receptor on progenitor cells was accompanied by high expression of its ligand, SDF-1, in podocytes. Parietal epithelial cell proliferation might be sustained by increased expression of the angiotensin II (Ang II) type-1 (AT1) receptor. Similar changes of CXCR4, SDF-1, and AT1 receptor expression were found in Munich Wistar Frömter rats with proliferative glomerulonephritis. Moreover, an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor normalized CXCR4 and AT1 receptor expression on progenitors concomitant with regression of crescentic lesions in a patient with crescentic glomerulonephritis. These results suggest that glomerular hyperplastic lesions derive from the proliferation and migration of renal progenitors in response to injured podocytes. The Ang II/AT1 receptor pathway may participate, together with SDF-1/CXCR4 axis, to the dysregulated response of renal precursors. Thus, targeting the Ang II/AT1 receptor/CXCR4 pathways may be beneficial in severe forms of glomerular proliferative disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1769-1778
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Volume183
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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