Polypodium leucotomos displayed a synergic effect with NB-UVB in psoriasis, but its application on vitiligo remains understudied. The aim of this study was to investigate whether oral supplementation with leaves extract of Polypodium leucotomos (PL) improves narrow band (NB) UVB phototherapy-induced repigmentation. Forty-four patients with generalized vitiligo were enrolled in this randomized, prospective, placebo controlled study. Twenty-three patients were randomly selected to receive combined treatment with NB-UVB phototherapy and 480 mg oral PL twice daily while 21 patients received NB-UVB phototherapy combined with placebo. All subjects were treated with NB-UVB twice weekly for 6 months. Our results demonstrated that oral PL combined with NB-UVB improved repigmentation as well as increased the response rate compared with patients treated with NB-UVB alone (47.8% vs 22%). Our study suggests that oral supplementation of PL and NB-UVB phototherapy enhance the extent of repigmentation.