Shc (Src homology 2 domain containing) adaptors are ubiquitous components of the signaling pathways triggered by tyrosine kinase-coupled receptors. In lymphocytes, similar to other cell types, the p52 and p66 isoforms of ShcA/Shc participate in a self-limiting loop where p52Shc acts as a positive regulator of antigen receptor signaling by promoting Ras activation, whereas p66Shc limits this activity by competitively inhibiting p52Shc. Based on the fact that many signaling mediators are shared by antigen and chemokine receptors, including p52Shc, we have assessed the potential implication of p66Shc in the regulation of B-cell responses to chemokines, focusing on the homing receptors CXCR4 (C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4) and CXCR5 (C-X-C chemokine receptor type 5). The results identify p66Shc as a negative regulator of the chemotactic responses triggered by these receptors, including adhesion, polarization and migration. We also provide evidence that this function is dependent on the ability of p66Shc to interact with the chemokine receptors and promote the assembly of an inhibitory complex, which includes the phosphatases SHP-1 (Src homology phosphatase-1) and SHIP-1 (SH2 domain-containing inositol 5'-phosphatase-1), that results in impaired Vav-dependent reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton. This function maps to the phosphorylatable tyrosine residues in the collagen homology 1 (CH1) domain. The results identify p66Shc as a negative regulator of B-cell chemotaxis and suggest a role for this adaptor in the control of B-cell homing.
- B lymphocytes
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology
- Cancer Research
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience