Neglect dyslexia: A review of the neuropsychological literature

Giuseppe Vallar, Cristina Burani, Lisa S. Arduino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Neglect dyslexia (ND) is reviewed, based on published single-patient and group studies. ND is frequently associated with right hemispheric damage and unilateral spatial neglect (USN), and typically involves the left side of the letter string. Left-brain-damaged patients showing ND, ipsilateral (left) or contralateral (right) to the side of the left-sided hemispheric lesion, have also been reported, as well as a few patients with bilateral damage, with more frequently left than right ND. As USN, ND is temporarily ameliorated by lateralized stimulations (vestibular caloric, visual prism adaptation). ND may occur independent of USN, suggesting the damage to specific visuospatial representational/attentional systems, supporting reading. ND errors comprise omission, substitution, and, less frequently, addition of letters on one side of the stimulus, resulting in words or nonwords, also with reference to the stimulus' linguistic features. Patients with ND may show preserved lexical-morphological effects and implicit processing, up to the semantic level, of the misread string. This preserved processing is a feature of ND, shared with the USN syndrome. The mechanisms modulating error type and lexical-morphological effects are partly independent of each other. Different levels of representation of the letter string may be affected, giving rise to egocentric, stimulus-centred, and word-centred patterns of impairment. The anatomical correlates of ND include the temporo-parieto-occipital regions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-235
Number of pages17
JournalExperimental Brain Research
Volume206
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2010

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Keywords

  • Neglect dyslexia
  • Right hemisphere
  • Unilateral spatial neglect
  • Visuospatial attention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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