Osteosarcoma is a rare tumor. In multicentric trials on the neoadjuvant treatment of this neoplasm many of the single institutions involved have the opportunity to treat a small number of cases (the average for all of the studies was less than 1 case per year). In order to verify whether this can change the percentage of amputations avoided and prognosis, a review of the current literature was carried out, concerning neoadjuvant treatment of osteosarcoma of the extremities. The results obtained in 9 multicentric trials and in 12 mono-institutional trials were evaluated. It was observed that in mono-institutional studies the percentage of patients treated by conservative surgery instead of aggressive surgery (73% vs 55%) and the disease-free survival 5 years after surgery (73% vs 55%; p <0.0001) are significantly higher as compared to what was observed for patients treated in multicentric trials. Based on these differences, the authors conclude that it would be opportune to direct patients with osteosarcoma of the extremities to the best centers that each year treat large numbers of patients with musculoskeletal tumors.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||La Chirurgia degli organi di movimento|
|Publication status||Published - 2004|