Neoadjuvant chemotherapy in soft tissue sarcomas: Latest evidence and clinical implications

Sandro Pasquali, Alessandro Gronchi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Soft tissue sarcomas are a rare and multifaceted group of solid tumours. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy is increasingly used to limit loss of function after wide surgical excision with the ultimate aim of improving patient survival. Recently, advances in the identification of effective treatment strategies and improvements in patient risk stratification have been reached. A randomized trial demonstrated that neoadjuvant epirubicin and ifosfamide improves survival of patients affected by five high-risk soft tissue sarcoma histologies of trunk and extremities, including undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma, myxoid liposarcoma, synovial sarcoma, malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumours, and leiomyosarcoma. Selection of patients for these treatments is expected to be improved by the eighth edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) TNM staging system, as it tailors T-stage categories on primary tumour site and considers a prognostic nomogram for retroperitoneal sarcoma, which also includes soft tissue sarcoma histology and other patient and tumour features not directly included in the TNM staging. Within this framework, this article will present neoadjuvant treatment strategies for high-risk soft tissue sarcoma, emphasizing the most recent advances and discussing the need for further research to improve the effectiveness of neoadjuvant treatments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)415-429
Number of pages15
JournalTherapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2017

Keywords

  • chemotherapy
  • neoadjuvant
  • radiotherapy
  • soft tissue sarcoma
  • trial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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