Neoadjuvant treatment of locally advanced carcinoma of the uterine cervix with epirubicin, paclitaxel and cisplatin

Giuseppe D'Agostino, Mariagrazia Distefano, Stefano Greggi, MariaGiovanna G. Salerno, Gabriella Ferrandian, Antanella Poerio, Salvatore Mancuso, Giovanni Scambia

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Abstract

Purpose: The present study was conducted to explore whether neoadjuvant chemotherapy with a combination of epirubicin, paclitaxel and cisplatin could improve the operability and pathological response rate in locally advanced cervical cancer patients. Methods: Between April 1996 and July 2000, 42 patients with carcinoma of the uterine cervix, FIGO stage Ib2-IVa, were treated with two or three 21-day cycles of an epirubicin 100 mg/m2, paclitaxel 175 mg/m2, cisplatin 100 mg/m2 regimen. Results: All patients were eligible for evaluation of toxicity and response. A total of 92 courses of therapy were administered. Three patients had a 20% reduction from the starting dose due to haematological toxicity. Grade 3-4 leukopenia was observed in 15% of cycles, requiring G-CSF support in half of them. Major non-haematological toxicity consisted of grade 3 alopecia (100%), and grade 3 nausea and vomiting (40%). A total of 33 clinical responses (78.5%, 95% CI 63.8-93.2) were recorded, 8 complete responses (CR) and 25 partial responses (PR). Of the 42 patients, 32 (76.2%) underwent radical surgery. At pathological examination 8 complete or microscopic pathological responses, 17 PRs, and 9 patients with stable disease were observed. The median follow-up time was 17 months for the 42 patients enrolled (range 3-62 months). Among the patients submitted to radical surgery, five recurrences were observed, with a median disease-free survival of 47 months. Median overall survival had not been reached at the time of this report. These results appear to be in the range reported for other neoadjuvant cisplatin-based regimens not including paclitaxel. Conclusions: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy with the epirubicin, paclitaxel and cisplatin combination followed by radical surgery proved to be a safe and effective approach to advanced cervical cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)256-260
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Volume49
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

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Keywords

  • Cervical cancer
  • Cisplatin
  • Epirubicin
  • Neoadjuvant chemotherapy
  • Paclitaxel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Pharmacology
  • Oncology

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