NeoAPACHE II. Relationship Between Radiographic Pulmonary Area and Pulmonary Hypertension, Mortality, and Hernia Recurrence in Newborns With CDH

Ilaria Amodeo, Nicola Pesenti, Genny Raffaeli, Francesco Macchini, Valentina Condò, Irene Borzani, Nicola Persico, Isabella Fabietti, Giulia Bischetti, Anna Maria Colli, Stefano Ghirardello, Silvana Gangi, Mariarosa Colnaghi, Fabio Mosca, Giacomo Cavallaro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is a rare disease with high mortality and morbidity due to pulmonary hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension. The aim of the study is to investigate the relationship between radiographic lung area and systolic pulmonary artery pressure (sPAP) on the first day of life, mortality, and hernia recurrence during the first year of life in infants with a congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). A retrospective data collection was performed on 77 CDH newborns. Echocardiographic sPAP value, deaths, and recurrence cases were recorded. Lung area was calculated by tracing the lung's perimeter, excluding mediastinal structures, and herniated organs, on the preoperative chest X-ray performed within 24 h after birth. Logistic and linear regression analyses were performed. Deceased infants showed lower areas and higher sPAP values. One square centimeter of rising in the total, ipsilateral, and contralateral area was associated with a 22, 43, and 24% reduction in mortality risk. sPAP values showed a decreasing trend after birth, with a maximum of 1.84 mmHg reduction per unitary increment in the ipsilateral area at birth. Recurrence patients showed lower areas, with recurrence risk decreasing by 14 and 29% per unit increment of the total and ipsilateral area. In CDH patients, low lung area at birth reflects impaired lung development and defect size, being associated with increased sPAP values, mortality, and recurrence risk. Clinical Trial Registration: The manuscript is an exploratory secondary analysis of the trial registered at ClinicalTrials.gov with identifier NCT04396028.

Original languageEnglish
Article number692210
JournalFrontiers in Pediatrics
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 12 2021

Keywords

  • congenital diaphragmatic hernia
  • FETO
  • lung hypoplasia
  • mortality
  • pulmonary hypertension
  • radiographic lung area
  • recurrence of the hernia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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