Neonatal hemochromatosis (NH) is a rare clinical-pathologie entity defined by severe neonatal liver failure (NLF) of intrauterine onset associated with extrahepatic siderosis that spares reticuloendothelial elements. Whether this entity is the result of a distinct disease process or is the pathologic end-result of many other forms of NLF remains to be assessed. Death from multisystem organ failure usually occurs in the first few days or weeks of life. We report two sisters with neonatal hemochromatosis with different outcome. The first died at 21 days of life for multiorgan failure and sepsis. The second was diagnosed and treated very early by aggressive support with fresh-frozen plasma, packed red cells, platelets, coagulation factors, diuretics, and pressors, and she is well at 2-year-follow-up. The few therapeutic options are discussed. In general, few patients survived NH. Among patients treated only by medical approachs and that did not undergo orthotopic liver transplantion (OLTX), favurable outcome is only very rarely reported. For management of NH infants early recognition of the disease is critical. Our experience seems to suggest that as early is the start of treatment as high is the possibility of survival. At this moment very early aggressive supportive treatment should appear to be the most useful approach to stabilize the patient hoping in spontaneous liver recovery, or, in turn, to permit OLTX before septic complications-bring to clinical decline.
|Translated title of the contribution||Neonatal liemochromatosis. Importance of early diagnosis|
|Number of pages||5|
|Issue number||SUPPL. 1|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|
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