Neonatal resuscitation in Vietnam: A national survey of a middle-income country

Daniele Trevisanuto, Luca Marchetto, Gaston Arnolda, Tran Dinh Chien, Ornella Lincetto, Francesco Cavallin, Ngo Minh Xuan, Nguyen Viet Tien, Nguyen Thi Xuan Hoi, Luciano Moccia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aim Interventions that improve neonatal resuscitation are critical if we are to reduce perinatal mortality. We evaluated the consistency of resuscitation practices, and adherence to the international guidelines for neonatal resuscitation, in a large representative sample of hospitals in Vietnam. Methods A questionnaire was sent to 187 public central, provincial and district hospitals, representing the three levels of public hospital-based maternity services in Vietnam. Results The overall response rate was 85.7% (160/187 hospitals), and the response rate was 100%, 90.3% and 81.7% for central, provincial and district hospitals, respectively. There were 620 300 births in the surveyed hospitals during the year 2011, representing almost half of all inpatient births in Vietnam. Neonatal resuscitation was provided by obstetricians and, or, midwives at all levels. Half of the hospitals did not follow recommendations for delaying cord clamping. The majority of the hospitals did not have a wall thermometer in the delivery room (80.5%) and did not monitor neonatal temperature after birth (64.1%). A large proportion of hospitals (39.9%) used 100% oxygen to initiate resuscitation and only central hospitals avoided this practice. Conclusion Our survey identified significant variations in resuscitation practices between central, provincial and district hospitals and limited adherence to international recommendations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e255-e262
JournalActa Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2015


  • International guidelines
  • Middle-income country
  • Neonatal resuscitation
  • Survey
  • Vietnam

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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