Tachycardies ventriculaires neonatales

Translated title of the contribution: Neonatal ventricular tachycardia

E. Villain, G. Butera, D. Bonnet, P. Acar, Y. Aggoun, J. Kachaner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Ventricular tachycardia is rare and poorly understood in the neonate. The authors undertook a retrospective study in 2 foetus and 8 neonates aged 1 to 20 days at the time of diagnosis. The tachycardia was permanent in 2 cases, observed in runs of variable variation in the other 8, incessant in 7 of theses cases. Only two cases were symptomatic: cardiac failure with shock 16 hours after birth and hydramnios at 16 weeks gestation. The electrocardiographic criteria of ventricular tachycardia (wide QRS complexes of different morphology to the sinus QRS complexes, atrioventricular dissociation) were fulfilled in all patients. The arrhythmia was monomorphic 9 times out of 10 with a fixed (3 cases) or variable (7 cases) rate which was always > 150/min. Intravenous magnesium sulphate in the severe and permanent forms, oral betablockers in forms triggered by acceleration of the sinus rhythm, oral amiodarone alone or associated in one case with propranolol were prescribed but three neonates were not treated, either from the outset or after inefficacy of amiodarone: nine of the patients were cured and are treatment-free 12 to 24 months later : the other patient has a slow, well tolerated ventricular tachycardia. No aetiology was detected in 9 cases ; the other had a metabolic disease of B-oxydation of long chain fatty acids. The authors conclude that isolated, idiopathic ventricular tachycardia of the neonate usually carry a good prognosis which is not dependant on the tachycardia of the permanence of the arrhythmia. Simple treatment (betablocker or amiodarone) is usually associate with restoration of sinus rhythm and definitive cure during the first year of life.

Translated title of the contributionNeonatal ventricular tachycardia
Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)623-629
Number of pages7
JournalArchives des Maladies du Coeur et des Vaisseaux
Volume91
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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