Neonatologist performed echocardiography (NPE) in Italian neonatal intensive care units: a national survey

Study Group of Neonatal Cardiology of the Italian Society of Neonatology

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Neonatologist performed echocardiography (NPE) has increasingly been used to assess the hemodynamic status in neonates. Aim of this survey was to investigate the utilization of NPE in Italian neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). METHODS: We conducted an on-line survey from June to September 2017. A questionnaire was developed by the Italian neonatal cardiology study group and was sent to each Italian NICU. RESULTS: The response rate was 77%. In 94% of Italian NICUs functional echocardiography was used by neonatologists, cardiologists or both (57, 15 and 28% respectively). All the respondents used NPE in neonates with patent ductus arteriosus and persistent pulmonary hypertension, 93% in neonates with hypotension or shock, 85% in neonates with perinatal asphyxia, 78% in suspicion of cardiac tamponade, and 73% for line positioning. In 30% of center, there was no NPE protocol. Structural echocardiography in stable and critically ill neonates was performed exclusively by neonatologists in 46 and 36% of center respectively. CONCLUSIONS: NPE is widely used in Italian NICUs by neonatologists. Structural echocardiography is frequently performed by neonatologists. Institutional protocols for NPE are lacking. There is an urgent need of a formal training process and accreditation to standardize the use of NPE.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
JournalItalian Journal of Pediatrics
Volume45
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 22 2019

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Neonatal Intensive Care Units
Echocardiography
Newborn Infant
Surveys and Questionnaires
Neonatologists
Cardiac Tamponade
Patent Ductus Arteriosus
Accreditation
Asphyxia
Cardiology
Pulmonary Hypertension
Critical Illness
Hypotension
Shock
Hemodynamics

Keywords

  • Functional echocardiography
  • Neonatal cardiology
  • Neonatal intensive care
  • Neonatologist performed echocardiography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Neonatologist performed echocardiography (NPE) in Italian neonatal intensive care units : a national survey. / Study Group of Neonatal Cardiology of the Italian Society of Neonatology.

In: Italian Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 45, No. 1, 22.10.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Study Group of Neonatal Cardiology of the Italian Society of Neonatology. / Neonatologist performed echocardiography (NPE) in Italian neonatal intensive care units : a national survey. In: Italian Journal of Pediatrics. 2019 ; Vol. 45, No. 1.
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abstract = "BACKGROUND: Neonatologist performed echocardiography (NPE) has increasingly been used to assess the hemodynamic status in neonates. Aim of this survey was to investigate the utilization of NPE in Italian neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). METHODS: We conducted an on-line survey from June to September 2017. A questionnaire was developed by the Italian neonatal cardiology study group and was sent to each Italian NICU. RESULTS: The response rate was 77{\%}. In 94{\%} of Italian NICUs functional echocardiography was used by neonatologists, cardiologists or both (57, 15 and 28{\%} respectively). All the respondents used NPE in neonates with patent ductus arteriosus and persistent pulmonary hypertension, 93{\%} in neonates with hypotension or shock, 85{\%} in neonates with perinatal asphyxia, 78{\%} in suspicion of cardiac tamponade, and 73{\%} for line positioning. In 30{\%} of center, there was no NPE protocol. Structural echocardiography in stable and critically ill neonates was performed exclusively by neonatologists in 46 and 36{\%} of center respectively. CONCLUSIONS: NPE is widely used in Italian NICUs by neonatologists. Structural echocardiography is frequently performed by neonatologists. Institutional protocols for NPE are lacking. There is an urgent need of a formal training process and accreditation to standardize the use of NPE.",
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T2 - a national survey

AU - Study Group of Neonatal Cardiology of the Italian Society of Neonatology

AU - Corsini, Iuri

AU - Ficial, Benjamim

AU - Fiocchi, Stefano

AU - Schena, Federico

AU - Capolupo, Irma

AU - Cerbo, Rosa Maria

AU - Condò, Manuela

AU - Doni, Daniela

AU - La Placa, Simona

AU - Porzio, Salvatore

AU - Rossi, Katia

AU - Salvadori, Sabrina

AU - Savoia, Marilena

PY - 2019/10/22

Y1 - 2019/10/22

N2 - BACKGROUND: Neonatologist performed echocardiography (NPE) has increasingly been used to assess the hemodynamic status in neonates. Aim of this survey was to investigate the utilization of NPE in Italian neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). METHODS: We conducted an on-line survey from June to September 2017. A questionnaire was developed by the Italian neonatal cardiology study group and was sent to each Italian NICU. RESULTS: The response rate was 77%. In 94% of Italian NICUs functional echocardiography was used by neonatologists, cardiologists or both (57, 15 and 28% respectively). All the respondents used NPE in neonates with patent ductus arteriosus and persistent pulmonary hypertension, 93% in neonates with hypotension or shock, 85% in neonates with perinatal asphyxia, 78% in suspicion of cardiac tamponade, and 73% for line positioning. In 30% of center, there was no NPE protocol. Structural echocardiography in stable and critically ill neonates was performed exclusively by neonatologists in 46 and 36% of center respectively. CONCLUSIONS: NPE is widely used in Italian NICUs by neonatologists. Structural echocardiography is frequently performed by neonatologists. Institutional protocols for NPE are lacking. There is an urgent need of a formal training process and accreditation to standardize the use of NPE.

AB - BACKGROUND: Neonatologist performed echocardiography (NPE) has increasingly been used to assess the hemodynamic status in neonates. Aim of this survey was to investigate the utilization of NPE in Italian neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). METHODS: We conducted an on-line survey from June to September 2017. A questionnaire was developed by the Italian neonatal cardiology study group and was sent to each Italian NICU. RESULTS: The response rate was 77%. In 94% of Italian NICUs functional echocardiography was used by neonatologists, cardiologists or both (57, 15 and 28% respectively). All the respondents used NPE in neonates with patent ductus arteriosus and persistent pulmonary hypertension, 93% in neonates with hypotension or shock, 85% in neonates with perinatal asphyxia, 78% in suspicion of cardiac tamponade, and 73% for line positioning. In 30% of center, there was no NPE protocol. Structural echocardiography in stable and critically ill neonates was performed exclusively by neonatologists in 46 and 36% of center respectively. CONCLUSIONS: NPE is widely used in Italian NICUs by neonatologists. Structural echocardiography is frequently performed by neonatologists. Institutional protocols for NPE are lacking. There is an urgent need of a formal training process and accreditation to standardize the use of NPE.

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