Neopterin production in SCID mice injected with human peripheral blood mononuclear cells

Alberto Amadori, Barbara Wirleitner, Antonio Diez-Ruiz, Arianna Veronesi, Luigi Chieco-Bianchi, Dietmar Fuchs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Intraperitoneal transfer of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from human EBV+ donors into severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) mice is a suitable model for studying some aspects of lymphomagenesis and immune activation. Neopterin is a soluble immune marker which was found to be a useful indicator for immune activation processes in humans, e.g. to monitor immunological complications in allograft recipients or to predict prognosis in HIV-infected individuals. In contrast, this pteridine compound is normally synthesized in murine organism in only very low amounts. The measurement of neopterin concentrations in serum and urine should be feasible in SCID mice reconstituted with human PBMC. In this study, we examined the usability of this experimental model for monitoring human T cell activation by neopterin measurements. The production of neopterin by SCID mice after injection of freshly isolated human PBMC, purified B or T cells and cultured Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)+ lymphoblastoid cells (LCL) was determined. It was found that neopterin can be detected early after injecting SCID mice with PBMC, whereas injection of purified human T or B cells did not result in neopterin production. Highest neopterin levels were detected in mice treated with LCL cells when developing lymphoma. We discuss the possible sources of neopterin along this process and its usefulness in this model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)642-649
Number of pages8
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology


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