Neovascular glaucoma induced by peripheral retinal ischemia in neurofibromatosis type 1: Management and imaging features

Francesco Pichi, Mariachiara Morara, Andrea Lembo, Antonio P. Ciardella, Alessandro Meduri, Paolo Nucci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: To report the case of a young patient affected by neurofibromatosis 1 (NF-1) with peripheral retinal ischemia-induced neovascular glaucoma and the peculiar spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) features. Material and Methods: A 13-year-old boy affected by NF-1, as diagnosed according to established criteria, was referred with a diagnosis of hypertensive uveitis in his left eye. He underwent a complete ophthalmic examination and comprehensive blood work with viral and immunological tests. The case was documented with fluorescein angiography (FA) and SD-OCT. When the intraocular pressure (IOP) of the left eye decreased and the cornea cleared, FA revealed retinal ischemia and leakage from pathologic retinal vessels. SD-OCT revealed foveal hypoplasia secondary to the complete absence of the retinal nerve fiber layer. Results: Peripheral retinal ischemia-induced neovascular glaucoma was diagnosed. The patient underwent Ahmed valve implantation to control his IOP, and subsequent retinal photocoagulation by argon laser and intravitreal bevacizumab injection were performed to control neovascularization. Discussion: Retinal ischemia in NF-1 might lead to neovascular glaucoma: lowering of the IOP with surgical implantation of an Ahmed valve, regression of neovascularization by argon laser panretinal photocoagulation and intravitreal injection of bevacizumab can be a helpful way to control such a complication.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-73
Number of pages5
JournalCase Reports in Ophthalmology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2013


  • Neovascular glaucoma
  • Neurofibromatosis
  • Retinal ischemia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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