Networks from gene expression time series: Characterization of correlation patterns

D. Remondini, N. Neretti, C. Franceschi, P. Tieri, J. M. Sedivy, L. Milanesi, G. C. Castellani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We address the problem of finding large-scale functional and structural relationships between genes, given a time series of gene expression data, namely mRNA concentration values measured from genetically engineered rat fibroblasts cell lines responding to conditional cMyc proto-oncogene activation. We show how it is possible to retrieve suitable information about molecular mechanisms governing the cell response to conditional perturbations. This task is complex because typical high-throughput genomics experiments are performed with high number of probesets (103-104 genes) and a limited number of observations (<102 time points). In this paper, we develop a deepest analysis of our previous work [Remondini et al.,2005] in which we characterized some of the main features of a gene-gene interaction network reconstructed from temporal correlation of gene expression time series. One first advancement is based on the comparison of the reconstructed network with networks obtained from randomly generated data, in order to characterize which features retrieve real biological information, and which are instead due to the characteristics of the network reconstruction method. The second and perhaps more relevant advancement is the characterization of the global change in co-expression pattern following cMyc activation as compared to a basal unperturbed state. We propose an analogy with a physical system in a critical state close to a phase transition (e.g. Potts ferromagnet), since the cell responds to the stimulus with high susceptibility, such that a single gene activation propagates to almost the entire genome. Our result is relative to temporal properties of gene network dynamics, and there are experimental evidence that this can be related to spatial properties regarding the global organization of chromatine structure [Knoepfler et al., 2006],

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2477-2483
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos
Volume17
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2007

Keywords

  • Correlation matrix
  • Gene expression dynamics
  • Network theory
  • Phase transition
  • Time series analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General
  • Applied Mathematics

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