Neural Activations during Visual Sequence Learning Leave a Trace in Post-Training Spontaneous EEG

Clara Moisello, Hadj Boumediene Meziane, Simon Kelly, Bernardo Perfetti, Svetlana Kvint, Nicholas Voutsinas, Daniella Blanco, Angelo Quartarone, Giulio Tononi, Maria Felice Ghilardi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Recent EEG studies have shown that implicit learning involving specific cortical circuits results in an enduring local trace manifested as local changes in spectral power. Here we used a well characterized visual sequence learning task and high density-(hd-)EEG recording to determine whether also declarative learning leaves a post-task, local change in the resting state oscillatory activity in the areas involved in the learning process. Thus, we recorded hd-EEG in normal subjects before, during and after the acquisition of the order of a fixed spatial target sequence (VSEQ) and during the presentation of targets in random order (VRAN). We first determined the temporal evolution of spectral changes during VSEQ and compared it to VRAN. We found significant differences in the alpha and theta bands in three main scalp regions, a right occipito-parietal (ROP), an anterior-frontal (AFr), and a right frontal (RFr) area. The changes in frontal theta power during VSEQ were positively correlated with the learning rate. Further, post-learning EEG recordings during resting state revealed a significant increase in alpha power in ROP relative to a pre-learning baseline. We conclude that declarative learning is associated with alpha and theta changes in frontal and posterior regions that occur during the task, and with an increase of alpha power in the occipito-parietal region after the task. These post-task changes may represent a trace of learning and a hallmark of use-dependent plasticity.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere65882
JournalPLoS One
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 14 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Neural Activations during Visual Sequence Learning Leave a Trace in Post-Training Spontaneous EEG'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this