Neural bases of emotion regulation

Dario Grossi, Luigi Trojano

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


From the neurobiological point of view, emotions can be defined as responses to personally relevant events, characterized by peculiar subjective feelings and complex biological modifications. Such responses are the results of the activation of an intricate neural network including cortical and subcortical brain structures, centred upon the limbic system. The discovery of mirror neurons further enriched our understanding of the neural bases of emotions. The ability to modulate one's own emotional responses is of paramount importance for adaptive behaviour and social relationships. Emotion regulation is based on functioning of cortical structures such as the insula and the anterior regions of the frontal lobes, that allow individuals to evaluate emotional states, to select adequate behavioural reactions, to deal with potential conflicts between internal and external states, and ultimately to accomplish cognitive elaboration of emotional feelings.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook on Emotion Regulation: Processes, Cognitive Effects and Social Consequences
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Number of pages15
ISBN (Print)9781634823784, 9781634823616
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Medicine(all)


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