Neural correlates of anosognosia for cognitive impairment in Alzheimer's disease

Eric Salmon, Daniela Perani, Karl Herholz, Patricia Marique, Elke Kalbe, Vjera Holthoff, Xavier Delbeuck, Bettina Beuthien-Baumann, Oriana Pelati, Solange Lespagnard, Fabienne Collette, Gaëtan Garraux

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We explored the neural substrate of anosognosia for cognitive impairment in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Two hundred nine patients with mild to moderate dementia and their caregivers assessed patients' cognitive impairment by answering a structured questionnaire. Subjects rated 13 cognitive domains as not impaired or associated with mild, moderate, severe, or very severe difficulties, and a sum score was calculated. Two measures of anosognosia were derived. A patient's self assessment, unconfounded by objective measurements of cognitive deficits such as dementia severity and episodic memory impairment, provided an estimate of impaired self-evaluative judgment about cognition in AD. Impaired self-evaluation was related to a decrease in brain metabolism measured with 18F-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) in orbital prefrontal cortex and in medial temporal structures. In a cognitive model of anosognosia, medial temporal dysfunction might impair a comparison mechanism between current information on cognition and personal knowledge. Hypoactivity in orbitofrontal cortex may not allow AD patients to update the qualitative judgment associated with their impaired cognitive abilities. Caregivers perceived greater cognitive impairments than patients did. The discrepancy score between caregiver's and patient's evaluations, an other measure of anosognosia, was negatively related to metabolic activity located in the temporoparietal junction, consistent with an impairment of self-referential processes and perspective taking in AD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)588-597
Number of pages10
JournalHuman Brain Mapping
Volume27
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2006

Keywords

  • Awareness
  • Beliefs
  • Cognition
  • Confabulation
  • Dementia
  • Evaluation
  • Neuroimaging
  • Perspective taking
  • Self

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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