Neural, hemodynamic, and renal responses to stimulation of intestinal receptors

L. C. Weaver, S. Genovesi, A. Stella, A. Zanchetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Stimulation of visceral receptors with bradykinin has been shown to cause reflex increases in sympathetic nerve activity and systemic arterial pressure. In this investigation, serosal receptors of intestine were stimulated by bradykinin in anesthetized cats to 1) compare mesenteric and renal sympathetic reponses, 2) compare hemodynamic responses in mesenteric and renal beds, and 3) determine changes in renal function. This stimulation in intact animals caused pressor responses, significantly greater excitation of mesenteric than renal nerves, significantly greater mesenteric than renal vasoconstriction, diuresis, natriuresis, and, in denervated kidneys, increases in fractional sodium excretion. In vagotomized, sinoaortic-denervated cats, stimulation of intestinal receptors caused excitation of mesenteric nerve activity greater than renal for only 30 s. This sympathetic reflex response led to pressor responses, equal mesenteric and renal vasoconstriction, diuresis, natriuresis, and increased fractional excretion of sodium only in denervated kidneys. When abdominal perfusion pressure was held constant with an aortic snare in the same animals, the sympathetic reflexes initially caused greater mesenteric than renal vasoconstriction and antidiuresis and antinatriuresis only in innervated kidneys. These findings demonstrate that the intensity of hemodynamic and renal responses to stimulation of visceral receptors correlates well with the magnitude of sympathetic nerve responses.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume253
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1987

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

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