Neurodevelopmental outcome in very-low-birth-weight infants with or without periventricular haemorrhage and/or leucomalacia

E. Fazzi, G. Lanzi, A. Gerardo, A. Ometto, S. Orcesi, G. Rondini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aim of the study was to verify the predictive value of ultrasound performed in the neonatal period for short-term neurodevelopmental prognosis in 122 preterm very-low-birth-weight infants followed up at 36 months. Neuromotor development was favourable in 53 (87%) subjects with normal ultrasound findings and in 21 (81%) subjects presenting uncomplicated haemorrhage. However, sensory and/or cognitive sequelae developed in 13% and 19% of the two groups, respectively. Outcome was unfavourable in 14 (50%) of 28 patients with ultrasound findings of complicated cerebral haemorrhages and in 5 (71%) of those (7) with ultrasound findings of parenchymal lesions without haemorrhage. Neonatal ultrasound examination seems to be fundamental in predicting neuromotor, but not cognitive, outcome in very-low-birth-weight infants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)808-811
Number of pages4
JournalActa Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics
Volume81
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1992

Keywords

  • neurodevelopmental outcome
  • ultrasound findings
  • very-low-birth-weight infants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Neurodevelopmental outcome in very-low-birth-weight infants with or without periventricular haemorrhage and/or leucomalacia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this