Neuroendocrine and psychological assessment in a guinness 10 days scuba dive

L. Revelli, Giovanni Addolorato, A. D'Amore, C. Carrozza, G. Giubileo, A. Puiu, C. P. Lombardi, R. Bellantone, G. Gasbarrini, Lorenzo Leggio, Antonio Mirijello, Cristina D'Angelo, Anna Ferrulli, Luisa Vonghia, Silvia Cardone, Veruscka Leso, Ludovico Abenavoli, Marco Raffaelli, Carmela De Crea, Pietro PrinciAntonio Spaventa, Luca Sessa, Carlo Rota, Corrado Costanzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study was designed to evaluate physiological and psychological stress parameters in 2 professional trained scuba divers, using a unique Physiopathologic model, offered by the guinness 240 hours scuba dive. Two scuba dive masters have spent 240 hours at 6-8 meters depth (26.4 ft) in Ponza Island water (Italy). Blood samples were collected daily in the underwater bell; samples were carried out of water in waterproof bags. Breath samples were collected, measuring ethylene release. Psychological assessment was performed using the State and Trait Anxiety Inventory and the Zung self-rating depression scale. In the studied subjects, Cortisol and prolactin showed physiological pulsatile secretion. Breath ethylene didn't exceed normal values. At the start of the study, no subjects showed high levels of state anxiety, trait anxiety and current depression. Psychometric scales scores remained steady during the diving period and no subjects showed anxiety and/or depression and/or panic symptoms during the time of observation. The present study shows that, although the long-time diving, well trained professional divers did not develop anxiety and/or depression. No subject discontinued the diving due to occurred psychological disorders or systemic events. The present report shows that the long-term diving permanence is possible, at least in well trained scuba divers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)848-852
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Medicine
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2007


  • Anxiety
  • Cortisol
  • Depression
  • Scuba divers
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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