Neuroendocrine effects of chronic administration of sodium valproate in epileptic patients

C. Invitti, L. Danesi, A. Dubini, F. Cavagnini

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Abstract

In 10 untreated epileptic patients, we evaluated the functional integrity of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis before and during chronic treatment with sodium valproate, a gamma-aminobutyric acid-mimetic compound. The GH response to L-dopa (250-500 mg po) was absent in 3 and severely impaired in 2 of the 10 patients though being, on the average, only slightly lower in the epileptic subjects than in normal controls. Conversely, the GH rise following GHRH (0.5 μg/kg body weight, iv) was normal in 9 of the patients. A significant blunting of the GH response to L-dopa occurred in the 7 patients initially responsive after 6 months of sodium valproate (P <0.05). The GH response to GHRH also underwent an evident though not significant attenuation. The ACTH and the ACTH/cortisol elevations elicited by metyrapone (35 mg/kg body weight infused over 4 h), and CRH (1 μg/kg body weight, iv), respectively, normal before treatment, were significantly impaired (P <0.05, <0.01) during antiepileptic therapy. Prolactin and TSH dynamics following metoclopramide (0.1 mg/kg body weight, iv) and TRH 200 μg iv) remained normal over the whole study period. Growth arrest ensued in 1 patient after 6 months of sodium valproate and disappeared after drug withdrawal. These observations point to a defective hypothalamic control of GH secretion in some epileptic patients. They also indicate that chronic administration of sodium valproate, hence activation of central gamma-aminobutyric acid system, results in a blunting of the stimulated GH and ACTH secretion. Occasionally, a reversible arrest of skeletal growth may also ensue.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)381-388
Number of pages8
JournalActa Endocrinologica
Volume118
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1988

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

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