PURPOSE: To evaluate neuroendocrine late effects in paediatric patients with low grade glioma (LGG) who underwent radiotherapy.
METHODS AND MATERIAL: We performed a retrospective evaluation of 40 children with LGG treated from July 2002 to January 2015 with external radiotherapy. Tumour locations were cerebral hemisphere (n=2); posterior fossa (n=15); hypothalamic-pituitary axis (HPA, n=15); spine (n=5). Three patients presented a diffuse disease. We looked for a correlation between endocrine toxicity and tumour and treatment parameters. The impact of some clinical and demographic factors on endocrinal and neuro toxicity was evaluated using the log-rank test.
RESULTS: The median follow-up was 52months (range: 2-151). Median age at irradiation was 6. The dose to the HPA was significantly associated with endocrine toxicity (P value=0.0190). Patients who received chemotherapy before radiotherapy and younger patients, showed worse performance status and lower IQ. The 5-year overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS) rates were 94% and 73.7%, respectively.
CONCLUSION: Radiotherapy showed excellent OS and PFS rates and acceptable late neuroendocrine toxicity profile in this population of LGG patients treated over a period of 13years. In our experience, the dose to the HPA was predictive of the risk of late endocrine toxicity.
- Journal Article