Neuroendocrine liver metastasis: The chance to be cured after liver surgery

F Bagante, G Spolverato, K Merath, LM Postlewait, GA Poultsides, MG Mullen, TW Bauer, RC Fields, J Lamelas, HP Marques, L Aldrighetti, T Tran, SK Maithel, TM Pawlik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Neuroendocrine liver metastasis tumors (NELM) are a heterogeneous group of neoplasms with varied histologic features and a wide range of clinical behaviors. We aimed to identify the fraction of patients cured after liver surgery for NELM. METHODS: Cure fraction models were used to analyze 376 patients who underwent hepatectomy with curative intent for NELM. RESULTS: The median and 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) were 4.5 years and 46%, respectively. The probability of being cured from NELM by liver surgery was 44%; the time to cure was 5.1 years. In a multivariable cure model, type of neuroendocrine tumor (NET), grade of tumor differentiation, and rate of liver involvement resulted as independent predictors of cure. The cure fraction for patients with well differentiated NELM from gastrointestinal NET or a functional pancreatic NET, and with50%, moderately/poorly differentiation), the cure fraction was 8%. CONCLUSIONS: Statistical cure after surgery for NELM is possible, and allow for a more accurate prediction of long-term outcome among patients with NELM undergoing liver resection. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)687-695
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Surgical Oncology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2017


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