Neurofeedback in der behandlung der aufmerksamkeitsdefizit- hyperaktivitätsstörung (ADHS) im kindes- und jugendalter

Translated title of the contribution: Neurofeedback for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in childhood and adolescence

Martin Holtmann, Christina Stadler, Ulrike Leins, Ute Strehl, Niels Birbaumer, Fritz Poustka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: A variety of non-pharmacological treatments for ADHD have failed to prove their effectiveness. The basis of evidence for neurofeedback (or EEG-biofeedback) has improved recently. Neurofeedback is aiming at an improvement of ADHD core-symptoms via the voluntary modification of abnormal neurophysiologic parameters, e.g. EEG-frequency spectrum and event-related potentials. Methods: Our review presents an overview of the current research on neurofeedback for the treatment of ADHD. Results: In three controlled studies short-term effects of feedback matched those of stimulant treatment. Neurofeedback lead to significant improvement of attention, impulsivity and hyperactivity, without adversive side effects. Additionally, there was a persistent amelioration of EEG parameters, while stimulants did not lead to a comparable normalization, Results on the stability of feedback effects are encouraging but are based on small numbers of patients. Conclusion: Neurofeedback is a promising approach for the treatment of children with ADHD. However, there is a demand for further controlled studies using standardized diagnostic criteria, sufficient sample sizes and appropriate measures and follow-up.

Translated title of the contributionNeurofeedback for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in childhood and adolescence
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)187-200
Number of pages14
JournalZeitschrift fur Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
Volume32
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2004

Keywords

  • ADHD
  • Biofeedback
  • Quantitative EEG
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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