Neuroimaging of pediatric craniopharyngiomas

A pictorial essay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Craniopharyngiomas are benign, partly cystic epithelial tumors that account for 5-13% of all intracranial tumors and 50% of all suprasellar masses in children. They pose several challenges to the neuroradiologist. This paper aims to focus on the main issues regarding the neuroradiological diagnosis and follow-up after treatment. Topics include (i) the imaging modalities (i.e., CT and MRI) utilized in the diagnostic workup; (ii) the neuroradiological appearance, focusing on calcifications, cystic components, contrast enhancement, and location; (iii) the relationships to adjacent structures, such as the optic chiasm, hypothalamus, third ventricle, and circle of Willis; (iv) the differential diagnosis with other tumoral and non-tumoral entities occurring in the sellar/suprasellar area; and (v) post-treatment imaging issues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-319
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume19
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Fingerprint

Craniopharyngioma
Neuroimaging
Pediatrics
Circle of Willis
Optic Chiasm
Third Ventricle
Hypothalamus
Neoplasms
Differential Diagnosis
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Craniopharyngiomas
  • CT
  • Differential diagnosis
  • Follow-up
  • MRI
  • Neuroimaging
  • Post-treatment imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

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title = "Neuroimaging of pediatric craniopharyngiomas: A pictorial essay",
abstract = "Craniopharyngiomas are benign, partly cystic epithelial tumors that account for 5-13{\%} of all intracranial tumors and 50{\%} of all suprasellar masses in children. They pose several challenges to the neuroradiologist. This paper aims to focus on the main issues regarding the neuroradiological diagnosis and follow-up after treatment. Topics include (i) the imaging modalities (i.e., CT and MRI) utilized in the diagnostic workup; (ii) the neuroradiological appearance, focusing on calcifications, cystic components, contrast enhancement, and location; (iii) the relationships to adjacent structures, such as the optic chiasm, hypothalamus, third ventricle, and circle of Willis; (iv) the differential diagnosis with other tumoral and non-tumoral entities occurring in the sellar/suprasellar area; and (v) post-treatment imaging issues.",
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author = "Andrea Rossi and Armando Cama and Alessandro Consales and Carlo Gandolfo and Garr{\'e}, {Maria Luisa} and Claudia Milanaccio and Marco Pavanello and Gianluca Piatelli and Marcello Ravegnani and Paolo Tortori-Donati",
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T1 - Neuroimaging of pediatric craniopharyngiomas

T2 - A pictorial essay

AU - Rossi, Andrea

AU - Cama, Armando

AU - Consales, Alessandro

AU - Gandolfo, Carlo

AU - Garré, Maria Luisa

AU - Milanaccio, Claudia

AU - Pavanello, Marco

AU - Piatelli, Gianluca

AU - Ravegnani, Marcello

AU - Tortori-Donati, Paolo

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - Craniopharyngiomas are benign, partly cystic epithelial tumors that account for 5-13% of all intracranial tumors and 50% of all suprasellar masses in children. They pose several challenges to the neuroradiologist. This paper aims to focus on the main issues regarding the neuroradiological diagnosis and follow-up after treatment. Topics include (i) the imaging modalities (i.e., CT and MRI) utilized in the diagnostic workup; (ii) the neuroradiological appearance, focusing on calcifications, cystic components, contrast enhancement, and location; (iii) the relationships to adjacent structures, such as the optic chiasm, hypothalamus, third ventricle, and circle of Willis; (iv) the differential diagnosis with other tumoral and non-tumoral entities occurring in the sellar/suprasellar area; and (v) post-treatment imaging issues.

AB - Craniopharyngiomas are benign, partly cystic epithelial tumors that account for 5-13% of all intracranial tumors and 50% of all suprasellar masses in children. They pose several challenges to the neuroradiologist. This paper aims to focus on the main issues regarding the neuroradiological diagnosis and follow-up after treatment. Topics include (i) the imaging modalities (i.e., CT and MRI) utilized in the diagnostic workup; (ii) the neuroradiological appearance, focusing on calcifications, cystic components, contrast enhancement, and location; (iii) the relationships to adjacent structures, such as the optic chiasm, hypothalamus, third ventricle, and circle of Willis; (iv) the differential diagnosis with other tumoral and non-tumoral entities occurring in the sellar/suprasellar area; and (v) post-treatment imaging issues.

KW - Craniopharyngiomas

KW - CT

KW - Differential diagnosis

KW - Follow-up

KW - MRI

KW - Neuroimaging

KW - Post-treatment imaging

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