Neurokinin 1 receptor expression and substance p physiological actions are developmentally regulated in the rabbit retina

G. Casini, M. Dal Monte, F. Fornai, L. Bosco, D. Willems, Q. Yang, Z. J. Zhou, P. Bagnoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We investigated the expression of the substance P (SP) receptor (the neurokinin 1 receptor, NK1 receptor) and SP functional effects in developing rabbit retinas. NK1 receptors in adult retinas were in a population of cone bipolar cells and in dopaminergic amacrine cells, as previously described. In contrast, at birth and at postnatal day (PND) 6, NK1 receptors were exclusively expressed by cholinergic amacrine and displaced amacrine cells. NK1 receptor expression in cholinergic cells was still observed at PND10 (eye opening), while at PND21 it was confined to cholinergic cells of the inner nuclear layer. Starting at PND10, NK1 receptors were also in bipolar cells and in dopaminergic amacrine cells. A fully mature NK1 receptor expression pattern was observed at PND35. Dopamine release was assessed in isolated retinas in the presence of SP, the NK1 receptor agonist GR73632 or the NK1 receptor antagonist GR82334. At PND35, extracellular dopamine was significantly increased by 10 μM SP or 0.01-100 μM GR73632, and it was decreased by 0.01-10 μM GR82334. No effects were detected in developing retinas up to PND21. Ca2+ imaging experiments were performed in single cholinergic cells identified by their "starburst" morphology in perinatal retinas. Intracellular Ca2+ levels were significantly increased by 1 μM SP or GR73632. This effect was reversibly inhibited by 1 μM GR82334. These data demonstrate that both NK1 receptor expression and SP physiological actions are developmentally regulated in the retina. SP neurotransmission in the immature retina may subserve developmental events, and SP is likely to represent an important developmental factor for the maturation of retinal neurons and circuitries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-160
Number of pages14
JournalNeuroscience
Volume124
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Keywords

  • Calcium imaging
  • Cholinergic amacrine cells
  • Dopamine release
  • Dopaminergic amacrine cells
  • Neuropeptide receptor
  • Tachykinin peptide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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