Neuromagnetic fields of the brain evoked by voluntary movement and electrical stimulation of the index finger

Rumyana Kristeva-Feige, Simone Rossi, Vittorio Pizzella, Franca Tecchio, Gian Luca Romani, Sergio Erne, Jochen Edrich, Antonio Orlacchio, Paolo Maria Rossini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Neuromagnetic fields from the left cerebral hemisphere of five healthy, right-handed subjects were investigated under two different experimental conditions: (1) electrical stimulation of the right index finger (task somatosensory evoked fields,task SEF's), and (2) voluntary movement of the same finger referred to as movement-related fields, (MRFs). The two conditions were, performed in random order every 5-8 s. In addition, thetask SEF's were compared tocontrol SEF's recorded at the beginning of the experiment in order to find the optimal dewar position for localizing the central sulcus. The magnetic signals of the sources corresponding to the main components of the somatosensory evoked fields (early ones at 24 ms and at 34 ms, and late ones after 50 ms) and movement-related fields (motor field, MF and movement-evoked field I-MEF I) were mapped and localized by means of a moving dipole model. In four out of five subjects theMEF I dipoles were found to be located deeper than the earlytask SEF dipoles. In addition, all of the task SEF's components were found to exhibit larger amplitudes than the control SEF's components. The results are discussed in respect to the ability to selectively analyze contributions of mainly proprioceptive (area 3a) and cutaneous (area 3b) areas in the primary somatosensory cortex using magnetoencephalography. An additional finding of the study was that all of thetask SEF's components were found to exhibit larger amplitudes than thecontrol SEF's components.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-28
Number of pages7
JournalBrain Research
Volume682
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 5 1995

Keywords

  • Human
  • Magnetoencephalography
  • Motor cortex
  • Movement-related magnetic field
  • Neuromagnetic source localisation
  • Somatosensory cortex
  • Somatosensory evoked field

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

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