Neurophysiological background for physical therapies in fibromyalgia

R. Casale, F. Atzeni, P. Sarzi-Puttini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper describes the techniques for controlling pain by the physical means that are most widely used clinically, particularly in the case of fibromyalgia. They are grouped on the basis of the physical energy used: mechanical, thermal (including magnetic and electromagnetic), and light (LASER). The main underlying neu-rophysiological mechanisms are gate activation, the stimulation of descending systems of pain control, and the endogenous opiate system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)238-249
Number of pages12
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • Chronic pain
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Neurophysiology
  • Physical therapies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology


Dive into the research topics of 'Neurophysiological background for physical therapies in fibromyalgia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this