Neurophysiology of positive and negative myoclonus

C. A. Tassinari, G. Rubboli, H. Shibasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Myoclonus is defined as a sudden, brief, jerky, shock-like, involuntary movement, arising from the central nervous system that can be caused by a muscular contraction, i.e. positive myoclonus, or by an interruption of muscular activity, i.e. negative myoclonus. Myoclonus can characterize a variety of neurological disorders, and often both positive and negative myoclonus can coexist. In this paper, we outline some relevant clinical aspects and neurophysiological features of the different types of myoclonus, with particular emphasis on the physiological findings. Indeed, since most myoclonus depend on enhancement of neuronal activities which are inherently present in normal subjects, electrophysiological studies are useful for elucidating the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms and for establishing the correct diagnosis. To reveal and discuss the peculiarities of soleus muscle in comparison with electrophysiological features of other leg muscles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-195
Number of pages15
JournalElectroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology
Volume107
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1998

Keywords

  • EEG correlates
  • Myoclonus
  • Negative myoclonus
  • Neurophysiology
  • Positive myoclonus
  • Reflex myoclonus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

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