Neuropsychologic assessment of patients for movement disorder surgery

Lucia Angelini, Nardo Nardocci, Margherita Estienne, Chiara Conti, Ivano Dones, Giovanni Broggi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The neuropsychologic evaluation of patients under consideration for movement disorder surgery is recognized as being an essential component of the preoperative process. Patients with early-stage concomitant dementia must be identified and the relative risk of postoperative cognitive decline evaluated. Knowledge of the patterns of an individual's strengths and weaknesses might also be a factor in deciding on a neurosurgical procedure. Although the advent of pallidal deep brain stimulation (DBS) has possibly resulted in reduced risk of induced cognitive impairment, even this procedure has been associated with negative sequelae. DBS within the subthalamic nucleus is becoming the method of choice and this may lead to cognitive and behavioral compromise, especially in the elderly patient. The team considering the establishment of neurosurgical treatment is often at a loss to decide how much neuropsychologic testing is required to determine relative risks of cognitive or behavioral morbidity as a consequence of the procedure. A brief summary of expected outcome and of pertinent family process and psychodynamic issues are addressed. This article is intended to serve as a guide to permit clinicians to choose the appropriate length and depth of neuropsychologic assessment, but also to highlight the confounding factors often present in these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)771-783
Number of pages13
JournalMovement Disorders
Volume15
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Assessment
  • Basal ganglia
  • Movement disorders
  • Neuropsychology
  • Neurosurgery
  • Parkinson's disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

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