INTRODUCTION: Clathrins play a key role in endocytosis, recycling, and trafficking as well as the generation of presynaptic vesicles. We report a new clinical condition associated with a de novo variant in the CLTC gene, which encodes the clathrin heavy polypeptide.
CASE REPORT: This 30-year-old woman presented with a developmental disorder during childhood that progressed to mild cognitive decline in late childhood and relapsing-remitting hypokinetic-rigid syndrome with severe achalasia, weight loss, and mood disorder in adulthood. 123I-Ioflupane SPECT was normal. Blood phenylalanine was slightly increased and PAH sequencing revealed compound heterozygosity for two variants, p.[Asp151Glu]:[Thr380Met]. CSF examination unexpectedly detected a remarkable reduction of homovanillic, 5-hydroxyindolacetic, and 5-methylthetrahydrofolic acids, which could not be ascribed to any alteration of tetrahydrobiopterin and related biogenic amine pathways.
METHODS: Trio-based exome sequencing was performed.
RESULT: A de novo missense variant (c.2669C > T/p.Pro890Leu) was detected in CLTC. Treatment with biogenic amine precursors was ineffective, while the inhibitor of MAO-A selegiline resulted in persistent clinical improvement.
CONCLUSIONS: We suggest CLTC defect as a new disorder of biogenic amine trafficking, resulting in neurodevelopmental derangement and movement disorder. Neurotransmitter depletion in CSF may be a biomarker of this disease, and selegiline a possible treatment option.