Neutron radiography as a tool for assessing penetration depth and distribution of a phosphate consolidant for limestone

Gabriela Graziani, Chiara Colombo, Claudia Conti, Elena Possenti, Enrico Perelli Cippo, Marco Realini, Enrico Sassoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Neutron radiography was used to determine the penetration depth and the homogeneity of distribution of an innovative inorganic consolidant, based on formation of hydroxyapatite. The consolidant was applied to a porous limestone by three alternative methods (brushing, poultice, partial immersion). Neutron radiography was complemented by XRD, FT-IR and SEM/EDS, which provide information also on mineralogical composition and morphology of the new phases. Neutron radiography proved to be a powerful tool to determine the presence of hydrogen-rich hydroxyapatite and to evaluate the homogeneity of its distribution in the substrate. Nonetheless, combination with other techniques is necessary to reliably assess its penetration depth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)238-247
Number of pages10
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Volume187
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 30 2018

Keywords

  • Calcium phosphates
  • Consolidation
  • FT-IR
  • Hydroxyapatite
  • Inorganic consolidants
  • Limestone
  • Neutron imaging
  • Non-destructive testing
  • Penetration depth
  • SEM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

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