Degenerative osteoarthropathy is one of the leading causes of the pain and disability from musculoskeletal disease in the adult population. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) allows optimal visualization of all tissues involved in degenerative osteoarthritis disease process, mainly the articular cartilage. In addition to qualitative and semiquantitative morphologic assessment, several MRI-based advanced techniques have been developed to allow characterization and quantification of the biochemical cartilage composition. These include quantitative analysis and several compositional techniques (T1 and T2 relaxometry measurements and mapping, sodium imaging, delayed gadolinium-enhanced MRI of cartilage dGEMRIC, glycosaminoglycan-specific chemical exchange saturation transfer gagCEST, diffusion-weighted imaging DWI and diffusion tensor imaging DTI). These compositional MRI techniques may have the potential to serve as quantitative, reproducible, noninvasive and objective endpoints for OA assessment, particularly in diagnosis of early and pre-radiographic stages of the disease and in monitoring disease progression and treatment effects over time.
- Advanced imaging
- T2 mapping
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging