The hepatic involvement in Hodgkin's disease, histologically verified in 133 patients who underwent laparotomy or laparoscopy, proved to be singly related to the following clinical findings: result of the liver isotopic scan, liver and/or spleen enlargement, serum albumin ≤ 3.5 g/dl, GOT and/or GPT ≥ 20 mU/ml, serum alkaline phosphatase (SAP) ≥ 210 mU/ml, BSP retention at 45 min ≥ 6.5% and ESR ≥ 51 mm at 1 hr. Such clinical findings were jointly evaluated and further selected by means of a logistic discriminant analysis, and the simplest function with the best discriminant ability between involved and non-involved liver was made by liver scan, spleen enlargement, BSP retention and GOT (89.5% of correct diagnoses). Since the Ann Arbor clinical criteria for liver involvement showed correct diagnoses in 69-80% of the cases, more reliable criteria can be proposed. So, liver involvement is highly probably (a) when three or more of the five variables indicated above are abnormal, or (b) when a markedly abnormal liver scan is associated with alteration of at least one of the other four parameters: otherwise liver will be non-involved.
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