Nonrhabdomyosarcoma soft tissue sarcomas form a group of rare tumors with a different biology and clinical behavior. The recently established European Pediatric Soft Tissue Sarcoma Study Group is organizing a new study devoted specifically to these tumors that were formerly treated according to the principles derived from experience with rhabdomyosarcoma, which is a clearly distinct entity. The new study includes two prospective trials, one for synovial sarcoma and the other for adult-type nonrhabdomyosarcoma soft tissue sarcomas. While surgery remains the mainstay of treatment, the role of adjuvant therapy is not yet clear and our understanding of the biology and natural history of nonrhabdomyosarcoma soft tissue sarcomas is still incomplete. This review presents the latest data on nonrhabdomyosarcoma soft tissue sarcoma treatment and outcome, and the rationale behind a risk-adapted treatment program that investigates the role of full-dose ifosfamide-doxorubicin chemotherapy in improving the response rate of patients with unresectable disease, the chances of avoiding adjuvant chemotherapy in low-risk synovial sarcomas, and the possible role of chemotherapy in high-risk adult-type soft tissue sarcomas.
- Adult-type soft tissue sarcomas
- Nonrhabdomyosarcoma soft tissue sarcomas
- Pediatric soft tissue sarcoma
- Synovial sarcoma
- Treatment protocols
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research