New beta 2-microglobulin (beta 2-m)-associated, HLA-linked alloantigens, selectively expressed on phytohaemagglutinin (PHA)-activated lymphocytes, were identified using human alloantisera. Reactivity of the antisera against activated cells correlated with HLA-A2, A10 and A28 specificities. The new alloantigens were undetectable on peripheral blood mononuclear cells, B lymphocytes and platelets using either the lymphocytotoxicity or the absorption techniques, and appeared on lymphocytes upon PHA activation, with time-dependent kinetics. They were found on some, but not all, acute leukaemias of B, T and myeloid origin, being absent from chronic B lymphocytic leukaemias. The presence of the new beta 2-microglobulin-associated allospecificities was not correlated with the quantity of classical class I antigens present, as analysed on different cell types by flow cytometry. Thus, these antigenic determinants appear to be different from the classical HLA class I antigens and could be the human counterpart of the murine Qa system or of the second H-2K gene.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Immunogenetics|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 1987|
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