New horizon in dialysis depuration: Characterization of a polysulfone membrane able to break the 'albumin wall'

A. Cuoghi, M. Caiazzo, E. Monari, E. Bellei, S. Bergamini, L. Sereni, F. Aucella, C. Loschiavo, M. Atti, A. Tomasi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The uremic syndrome is attributed to the progressive retention of a large number of toxins, which under normal conditions are excreted by the healthy kidneys. Standard dialytic membranes do not purify middle-high molecular weight toxins. Haemodiafiltration with endogenous reinfusion coupled with a highly permeable membrane could break the limit of the 'albumin wall' improving the dialytic depuration without loss of important nutrients.The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of a new polysulfone membrane, Synclear 0.2, to remove uremic molecules. Surface Enhanced Laser Desorption Ionization-Time of Flight was employed to evaluate the proteomic profile of ultrafiltrate and Electrospray Ionization-Quadruple-ToF coupled with on-chip elution was used for proteins identification.A high and specific permeability for middle-high molecular weight molecules was revealed by mass spectrometry for the investigated membrane. The identified proteins are mostly uremic toxins: their relative abundance, estimated in the ultrafiltrate by exponentially modified protein abundance index, showed a high purification efficiency of the new membrane when compared with conventional ones.In conclusion, Synclear 0.2, used as convective membrane in hemodiafiltration with endogenous reinfusion treatment, permits to break the 'albumin wall', clearing middle-high molecular weight uremic toxins, improving the dialytic treatment purification efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1363-1371
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biomaterials Applications
Volume29
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 6 2015

Keywords

  • dialytic membrane
  • haemodialysis
  • material characterization
  • Proteomics
  • uremic toxins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Biomaterials

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    Cuoghi, A., Caiazzo, M., Monari, E., Bellei, E., Bergamini, S., Sereni, L., Aucella, F., Loschiavo, C., Atti, M., & Tomasi, A. (2015). New horizon in dialysis depuration: Characterization of a polysulfone membrane able to break the 'albumin wall'. Journal of Biomaterials Applications, 29(10), 1363-1371. https://doi.org/10.1177/0885328214565651