New imaging systems in diabetic retinopathy

Maria Vittoria Cicinelli, Michele Cavalleri, Maria Brambati, Rosangela Lattanzio, Francesco Bandello

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Various imaging modalities are of significant utility in the screening, grading, treatment, and follow-up of the different stages of diabetic retinopathy (DR) and diabetic macular edema. Color stereographic photography, fluorescein angiography, and optical coherence tomography (OCT) have been the gold standard for DR imaging for years. Besides these tools, newer technologies are gaining validation and popularity, such as fundus autofluorescence and OCT angiography. Furthermore, widefield retinography and ultra-widefield retinography have been introduced for a more comprehensive evaluation of the medium-far and very-far retinal peripheries, which is crucial for the assessment of the diverse manifestations of the disease. The aim of this review is to illustrate the recent advancements of the imaging systems for diagnosing DR, with a focus on the newest and noninvasive diagnostic tools.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)981-994
Number of pages14
JournalActa Diabetologica
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2019


  • Diabetic macular edema
  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • Imaging techniques
  • OCT angiography
  • Ultra-widefield imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology


Dive into the research topics of 'New imaging systems in diabetic retinopathy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this